1 - Right and Left Hand flexibility exercises
Mr. Tareq Al Jundi starts off the first lesson in the “Learn to play Oud 3” series by
giving exercises needed to warm up and enhance right and left hand flexibility
before starting to play Oud at this stage. These exercises are ascending and
descending exercises on Ajam scale. The instructor move on to introducing the
Minor Harmonic scale, then advises to apply the scale exercises on Al Bayat, Rast,
.Hijaz and other scales
Hello, my name is Tareq Al Jundi from i3zif.com. today in our first lesson we will take some exercises on scales, to increase flexibility of the right and left hand. Take a look at the exercise in hand on “Ajam Al Do” scale. Ajam Al Do scale as we know, starts and ends in Do, and we will play the scale Ta Fa Ti Fi Ta Fa Ti Fi Ta Fa Ti Fi Ta Fa Ti, ascending and descending. Take a look, as we know that Ta Fa Ti Fi is down up down up, like this *Play music* this is the exercise. The first Ta Fa Ti Fi is Do Re Mi Fa, *Play music* the pick is down up down up. Next is Sol La Si Do *Play music*, when going back we don’t replay the Do, we start at Si. *Play music* this exercise has to be practiced slowly, so at first it will sound like *Play music* I want to remind you that my fingers always have to make the least amount of movement, I can’t play *Play music* always has to stay close to the wrist *Play music* and this exercise, in this course it is required to increase speed, because we will start playing some Longas, and some tracks that require flexibility, which is acquired when you play slowly and gradually increase speed.
Take a look at the second exercise, also in Ajam Al Do scale. This form is Ta TiFi Ta Fa TiFi Ta TiFi Ta Fa TiFi Ta, and I have a repeat sign here, then we finish at Ta. The Ta TiFi is down down up as written. *Play music* again *Play music*, then descending scale, Ta TiFi Ta Fa Ti Fi *Play music* this is without repetition, and notice how Ta Ti Fi Ta Fa Ti Fi Ta descending scale , down, and down up, which makes it *Play music* I will play the exercise twice with repetition *Play music* those exercises also we have to practice slowly, like this *Play music* but it is required that after months,it should sound like this *Play music* and make sure that the pick is in 45 degrees angle and not 90 degrees, because it will hinder your movement. If I do my pick like this, *Play music* there is some difficulty and resistance between the pick and the cord, it should be more like 45 degree *Play music* we don’t want to start practicing quickly because if we do, it will not work. The point is to increase speed gradually and have this as part of our daily exercise when we start playing. Even if I have only 10 minutes, it can be only warm up. Same exercise we will play it on Nahawand Al Do scale, same patterns we played *Play music*, the first exercise Ta Fa Ti Fi Ta Fa Ti Fi Ta Fa Ti Fi Ta Fa Ti, *Play music* it is very important to focus on the pick, now faster *Play music* take a look at the second pattern also in Nahawand Al Do, Ta TiFi Ta Fa TiFi Ta TiFi Ta Fa TiFi Ta *Play music* and same notes that applied in Ajam Al Do will apply here.
Today we will learn a new scale, Melodic Minor, on Do. We always learned the scale, Nahawand Al Do *Play music* until here there is no difference, but we had ♭La, ♮Si, Do. The Melodic Minor says that you need to raise the 6th note in Nahawand Al Do scale, 1 2 3 4 5 this is 6th , raise is by ½ which makes it ♮La, and Si stays ♮Si, so it will sound like *Play music*, notice up till here we have *Play music* Nahawand, and then *Play music* Ajam. And when we return, we play using the notes in the scale guide, ♭La and ♭Si, so it sounds like *Play music* let’s take a look at the exercise on Melodic Minor or Nahawand Subbi in Arabic *Play music* second exercise, same pattern Ta TiFi Ta Fa TiFi *Play music* I am playing them a bit fast, but we understand that we must start practicing slowly *Play music* Bayat scale, same thing *Play music* it is important to apply those exercises and patterns on all scales, I only took Ajam scale, and Nahawand scale. Now I will apply it on Bayat Re, and you can also apply it on Hijaz and Rast. Take a look on Bayat scale, and here we have the ½ ♭Si which we will see, first exercise *Play music*, noticed the ½ ♭Si? *Play music*, And returning, *Play music* descending scale. Which make Bayat scale as follows *Play music* a bit faster *Play music* those exercises will increase flexibility in both hands, and their working together, so that the right hand will catch up with the left hand and visa versa. Second exercise on Bayat scale, same pattern Ta TiFi Ta Fa TiFi *Play music*. it is very important to pay attention to the pick, not always down up , on the contrary, we have to make sure we play it as written, and if we play correctly we have to play slowly. Those exercises will be part of our daily exercise, in addition to other exercises which will come along. Everytime we hold the Oud we should start with flexibility then practice both hands working together.